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Lancaster: The peaceful town with a tumultuous past

Posted in Architecture, History on Monday, 28 February 2011

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This edited article about Lancaster originally appeared in Look and Learn issue number 909 published on 23 June 1979.

The Romans founded Lancaster when they set up a military station at the head of the estuary of the Lune river, a few kilometres from the sea.

Lancaster Castle survived numerous upheavals. Illustration by T Allom

Lancaster Castle survived numerous upheavals. Illustration by T Allom

The Anglo-Saxons, the Danes and the conquering Normans all left their mark, as did the Scots who burned the town in 1322, and destroyed the rebuilt town in 1389. It was captured during the Civil War. Lancaster’s castle survived all these upheavals and two sieges.

Lancaster also figured in the Industrial Revolution, when Lancashire became the centre of the cotton industry of the world. Today, it is a quiet, pleasant town – a contrast to its tumultuous past.

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