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Archive for July, 2010

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Daniel Defoe in the pillory

Posted in Anniversary, Literature on Wednesday, 21 July 2010

picture, Daniel Defoe in the pillory

Daniel Defoe in the pillory. Illustration by Ron Embleton

31 July marks the anniversary of the pillorying of Daniel Defoe. The author, famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, published in 1719, was a political activist and a prolific pamphleteer in his earlier days. It was a satirical attack on the Church that caused him to be arrested and placed in the pillory.

Legend has it that, rather than being pelted with rotten fruit, as was usual, the crowd threw flowers at Defoe and drank to his health.

More pictures relating to Daniel Defoe and his works can be found here. A wide variety of illustrations relating to authors and literature can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Baden-Powell and the Scouts

Posted in Adventure, Anniversary, History on Wednesday, 21 July 2010

picture, Sir Robert Baden Powell, founder of the Scouting Movement

Sir Robert Baden Powell, founder of the Scouting Movement

31 July marks the anniversary of the first experimental camp set up by Robert Baden-Powell which led to the writing of his best-selling book Scouting for Boys and the creation of the Boy Scouts. Baden-Powell was a Brigade Secretary with the Boy’s Brigade and 22 boys from local Brigade companies attended the camp on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour between 31 July and 9 August 1907.

More pictures relating to Sir Robert Baden-Powell can be found here. For pictures relating to scouting in the wild west, try here.

Birth of Emily Brontë

Posted in Anniversary, Literature on Tuesday, 20 July 2010

picture, Heathcliffe and Cathy, Wuthering Heights

Heathcliffe and Cathy in a dramatic scene from Wuthering Heights. Illustration by James E. McConnell

30 July is the anniversary of the birth of Emily Brontë. Born in Thornton, West Yorkshire, the younger sister of Charlotte Brontë, she was the author of poetry as Ellis Bell, but achieved fame with her novel Wuthering Heights, published in 1847. It was her only novel as she suffered from tuberculosis and died on 19 December 1848.

picture, Emily Bronte

Emily Bronte

More pictures relating to Emily and her sisters can be found here. Many more illustrations relating to authors and literature can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Birth of Henry Moore

Posted in Anniversary, Art on Tuesday, 20 July 2010

picture, Henry Moore, sculpture

Henry Moore with one of his sculptures. Illustration by James E. McConnell

30 July is the anniversary of the birth of Henry Moore. Born in Castleford, Yorkshire, in 1898, Moore became known for his sculptures, often featuring distorted or abstract human figures with large hollow spaces. Many of his bronze works are on public display around the world. Moore died in 1986, aged 88.

More pictures relating to Henry Moore and his work can be found here. A great many more illustrations featuring art and artists can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Battle of Gravelines

Posted in Anniversary, Famous battles, History on Monday, 19 July 2010

picture, the English fleet attack the Spanish Armada

The English fleet attack the Spanish Armada. Illustration by Peter Jackson

29 July marks the anniversary of the Battle of Gravelines, then part of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands. In 1588, the English learned that the Spanish ships often only fired each cannon once and a plan was devised to tempt the Spanish to fire while they were out of range, then approach and fire broadsides repeatedly. The Spanish lost five ships and many others were severely damaged.

More pictures relating to the Spanish Armada can be found here. Many more illustrations relating to the history of sea battles can be found at  the Look and Learn picture library.

NASA is created

Posted in Aerospace, Anniversary, Space on Monday, 19 July 2010

picture, NASA, Space Shuttle, telescope

One of NASA’s great successes, the Space Shuttle. Illustration by Wilf Hardy

29 July marks the anniversary of the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). In 1958, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act which, a reaction to the launch of the Russian Sputnik and the inability of the military to keep up in the space race.

Many more pictures relating to space and space exploration can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Launch of the RMS Mauretania

Posted in Anniversary, Travel on Sunday, 18 July 2010

picture, SS Mauretania

RMS Mauretania

28 July marks the anniversary of the launch of S.S. Mauretania in 1938, the first ship of the famous Cunard White Star company, formed by the merger of Cunard and White Star lines.

Mauretania was 35,739 tonnes gross, was 772 feet long and 89 feet wide at its beam. It was built at the Cammell Laird shipyards at Birkenhead. She was quickly requisitioned for war service and, after VE day, travelled the Atlantic from Southampton to New York. The ship’s final voyage took place in 1965.

More pictures relating to RMS Mauretania can be found here. A great many more illustrations of ships and the history of shipping can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Thomas Cromwell executed

Posted in Anniversary, History, Royalty on Sunday, 18 July 2010

picture, Thomas Cromwell promises Henry VIII "I will make you the richest king there ever was in England."

Thomas Cromwell promises Henry VIII “I will make you the richest king there ever was in England.”

28 July marks the anniversary of the death of Sir Thomas Cromwell, who was executed in 1540. Cromwell became the chief minister of King Henry VIII and very influential in the Reformation, by which the Church of England split from the Roman Catholic Church. His downfall was in arranging the marriage of Henry to Anne of Cleves. He was unable to find a legal means of stopping the marriage and was arrested and held in London Tower.

More pictures relating to Thomas Cromwell can be found here. Many more illustrations relating to the history of British royalty can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

End of the Korean War

Posted in Anniversary, Famous battles, History on Saturday, 17 July 2010

picture, history of the Korean War

A history of the Korean War

27 July marks the anniversary of the end of the Korean War. The war was fought between the north’s Democratic People’s Republic (backed by China) and the south’s Republic of Korea (backed by the United Nations). The country had been divided at the 38th parallel after the Second World War, but the political divide became even deeper when the north invaded the south in 1950. The war ended in stalemate and, with the armistice signed, a 4 km-wide demilitarized zone was created which still exists between the two countries.

More pictures relating to Korea and its history can be found here.

John Cunningham and the de Haviland Comet

Posted in Anniversary, Aviation on Saturday, 17 July 2010

picture, de Haviland Comet, jet airliner

The de Haviland Comet, the first commercial jet airliner. Illustration by Wilf Hardy

27 July marks a double anniversary in the history of aviation. Test pilot Group Captain John Cunningham was born in 1917 and in 1949, on his 32nd birthday, he flew the first test flight of the prototype DH 106 Comet, which was to become the world’s first commercial passenger jet airliner.

Many more pictures of relating to aircraft and the history of flight can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.