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Archive for June, 2010

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Founding of the Salvation Army

Posted in Anniversary, History, Medicine, Religion on Friday, 25 June 2010

picture montage The Salvation Army

Montage of pictures relating the history of The Salvation Army

5 July is the anniversary of the founding of the Salvation Army by Methodist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine. Originally known as the East End Christian Mission, Booth radically transformed the “volunteer army” he had created, renaming it The Salvation Army. Their mission to bring aid to the poor and hungry was summed up in “the three S’s”: soup, soap and salvation.

picture William Booth, Catherine Booth, Salvation Army

The founders of the Salvation Army, William and Catherine Booth

More pictures relating to the Salvation Army can be found here. Many more pictures on the broader subject of charity and organisations like the Red Cross can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Sir Isaac Newton publishes his laws

Posted in Anniversary, History, Science on Friday, 25 June 2010

picture Sir Isaac Newton, apple, physics, gravity

Sir Isaac Newton watches an apple fall in accordance with the laws of gravity

5 July marks the anniversary of the publication of Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica – Natural Principals of Mathematical Philosophy – by Sir Isaac Newton, in which he described the laws of motion and the law of universal gravitation, two of the cornerstones of modern physics. The book, published in three volumes, appeared in 1687.

More pictures of Sir Isaac Newton can be found here. Many more pictures on the broader subjects of science can be found at the following link.

Independence Day

Posted in Anniversary, Famous battles, History on Thursday, 24 June 2010

picture, America, United States, War of Independence

Montage of images from the American War of Independence. Illustration by Severino Baraldi

4 July is Independence Day in the United States, celebrating the recognition of America’s independence from Great Britain. During the American Revolutionary War, a resolution of independence was passed by Congress on 2 July 1776, although the anniversary celebrations take place on 4 July as this is the date on the Declaration of Independence composed over the next two days.

The American War of Independence continued to be fought until 1781 and Britain abandoned all claims on the United States with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

picture, America, American War of Independence

Colonists in Lexington, Massachusetts, face the British army. Illustration by Gerry Embleton

More picture relating to the American War of Independence can be found here. Many more illustrations by Severino Baraldi and Gerry Embleton can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Alice in Wonderland

Posted in Anniversary, Literature on Thursday, 24 June 2010

picture, Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland, Alice Liddell

Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) relates the story of a young girl’s adventure underground to Alice Liddell and her sister. Illustration by Peter Jackson

4 July marks the anniversary of the first telling of the story Alice in Wonderland. On a lazy rowing trip on the Thames in 1862, Charles Dodgson (better known by his nom-de-plume Lewis Carroll) told young Alice Liddell the story of a little girl who discovers a magical realm after falling down a rabbit hole. 10-year-old Alice, after whom the heroine was named, asked him to write the story down and Dodgson did so, entitling his manuscript Alice’s Adventures Under Ground.

It was published in book form as Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 and a sequel, Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There appeared in 1871.

picture, Alice in Wonderland

Alice about to enter the rabbit’s hole. Illustration by Philip Mendoza

More pictures relating to Lewis Carroll and his stories can be found here. Many more illustrations by Peter Jackson and Philip Mendoza can be found at the Look and Learn picture gallery.

Discovery of Pitcairn Islands

Posted in Anniversary, Exploration, History on Wednesday, 23 June 2010

picture, mutiny on the Bounty, Pitcairn Island

Mutineers from the Bounty land on Pitcairn Island. Illustration by Severino Baraldi

3 July is the anniversary of the discovery of Pitcairn Islands. The four islands (Pitcairn, Henderson, Dulcie and Oeno) in the Pacific Ocean were named after Robert Pitcairn who discovered them in 1767, although they had been occasionally inhabited and possibly discovered earlier, in 1606, by Redro Fernandes de Queiros.

The islands are famous as the home of surviving descendants of the mutiny on the Bounty in 1789. The mutineers, after setting Captain Bligh and those loyal to him adrift, settled, some in Tahiti, some on Pitcairn Island.

More pictures relating to Pitcairn Island and the mutiny on the Bounty can be found here. Many more illustrations by artist Severino Baraldi can be found at the following link.

The last of the Great Auks

Posted in Animals, Anniversary, Nature on Wednesday, 23 June 2010

picture, extinct birds, Great Auk,

The Great Auk, now extinct

3 July marks the anniversary of the sad demise of the Great Auk. The flightless bird of the genus Pinguinus foraged and bred on isolated, rocky islands around the North Atlantic but the popularity of its down reduced its population dramatically. Its growing rarity meant heightened interest amongst collectors for its eggs and skins and the last breeding pair were killed in 1844 on Eldey, Iceland.

More pictures of the Great Auk can be found here. A great many more pictures of wildlife (some close to extinction) can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

The flight of the first Zeppelin

Posted in Anniversary, Aviation, History on Tuesday, 22 June 2010

picture, destruction of the Hindenburg

The destruction of the Hindenburg ended the era of the Zeppelin

2 July is the anniversary of the flight of the first Zeppelin, which took place over Lake Constance in 1900. LZ1 flew for 18 minutes before being forced to land. Famous airships created by Count von Zeppelin included the Graf Zeppelin and the Hindenburg, which operated across the Atlantic for a decade between 1928-37. The destruction of the Hindenburg in 1937 ended the era of commercial Zeppelin flights.

More pictures of Zeppelins can be found here. More illustrations of historical ballooning can be found at the following link.

The disappearance of Amelia Earhart

Posted in Adventure, Anniversary, Aviation, History on Tuesday, 22 June 2010

picture Amelia Earhart, Pacific Ocean

Amelia Earhart’s plane, the Electra, flying over the Pacific Ocean

2 July marks the anniversary of the disappearance of aviatrix Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan. In 1937, the two were attempting to circumnavigate the globe when their plane – a Lockheed Model 10 Electra – disappeared near Howland Island whilst flying over the Pacific Ocean. Their plane has never been recovered.

picture, portrait Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart. Illustration by Graham Coton

More pictures of Amelia Earhart can be found here. Many more images of aircraft from throughout history can  be found here at the Look and Learn picture library.

The Battle of Gettysburg

Posted in Anniversary, Famous battles, History on Monday, 21 June 2010

picture Battle of Gettysburg, American Civil War

The Battle of Gettysburg, the turning point of the American Civil War

1 July is the anniversary of the beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg, the turning point of the American Civil War. Fought in 1863, the Union successfully repelled attacks by the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee, ending Lee’s invasion of the North.

Pickett’s Charge occurred on the third day – an assault at Cemetery Ridge in which 12,500 Confederates attacked the Union line, running into a wall of rifle and cannon fire. The 3-day battle resulted in around 50,000 casualties.

More pictures relating to the Battle of Gettysburg can be found here. Many more illustrations on the subject of civil wars can be found at the following link. More artwork by artist Severino Baraldi is available at the Look and Learn picture library.

Battle of the Somme

Posted in Anniversary, Famous battles, World War 1 on Monday, 21 June 2010

picture World War One, Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme. Illustration by James E. McConnell

1 July marks the anniversary of the first day of the Battle of the Somme. It remains the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army, with 57,470 casualties, of whom 19,240 were killed or died of their wounds. The battle dragged on until November, by which time there had been over 1.5 million casualties between the two sides.

Many more pictures relating to the Battle of the Somme and the Great War can be found at the Look and Learn picture library. Many more illustrations by James E. McConnell can be found here.