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Archive for May, 2010

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Birthday of Pat Garrett

Posted in Anniversary, History, Law, Legend on Wednesday, 26 May 2010

picture, the infamous Billy the Kid

The infamous Billy the Kid and his gang, illustrated by Ron Embleton

5 June is the anniversary of the birth of Pat Garrett. The famous American lawman was born in 1850 and appointed sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico, in 1880. Garrett’s name is forever associated with that of the outlaw Henry McCarty, also known as William Bonney and as Billy the Kid. Garrett tracked the Kid down in Fort Sumner and killed him.

picture, Wanted poster for Billy the Kid

Wanted poster for Billy the Kid

More pictures of Billy the Kid and Pat Garrett can be found at the Look and Learn picture gallery, as can many other images featuring other aspects of the Wild West. The artist of our column header is Ron Embleton.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published

Posted in Anniversary, History, Literature on Wednesday, 26 May 2010

picture, a scene from Uncle Tom's Cabin

A scene from Uncle Tom’s Cabin, illustrated by Angus McBride

On 5 June 1851, the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin began serialisation in the American abolitionist newspaper National Era. Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe (pictured below), the novel depicted the lives of slaves in the United States and, read by millions in America and abroad, sparked a national debate and energized the anti-slavery movement in the north of America. Harriet Beecher Stowe became a celebrity and met Abraham Lincoln.

picture portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe

Portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe, illustrated by Angus McBride

Celebrate this anniversary with a look at some of the other images featuring Harriet, including her famous creation and her meeting with Lincoln, here.

Many more pictures by Angus McBride can be found at the following link.

The Montgolfier brothers take to the air

Posted in Animals, Anniversary, Aviation, History on Tuesday, 25 May 2010

picture Montgolfier brothers, Joseph Montgolfier, Jacques Montgolfier

The Montgolfier brothers, illustrated by Severino Baraldi

4 June is the anniversary of the first public balloon ascent by the Montgolfier brothers., Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne. In 1783 they gave a public demonstration at Annonay before a group of dignitaries, flying for 10 minutes during which itme they covered a distance of just over a mile.

picture Montgolfier brothers, balloon

The Montgolfier brothers’ balloon, illustrated by Wilf Hardy

To celebrate their success, Etienne designed a balloon of sky blue, decorated with golden symbols, as can be seen in the picture above. The first aeronauts to ascend in the balloon were a sheep called Montauciel, a duck and a rooster, whose two-mile flight was performed before King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette.

More pictures of the Montgolfier brothers and their historic flight can be found here; for more on balloon aviation follow this link.

The Battle of Midway

Posted in Anniversary, World War 2 on Tuesday, 25 May 2010

picture Battle of Midway

The Battle of Midway, illustrated by Wilf Hardy

4 June is the anniversary of the Battle of Midway, perhaps the most important battle in the Pacific of World War Two. Six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US Navy defended the Midway Atoll and inflicted irreparable damage on the Japanese. A planned Japanese trap, American codebreakers discovered the plan and date and set up their own ambush.

picture Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbour

The attack on Pearl Harbor

This is just one of the battles of the Second World War to be found in the Look and Learn picture library, including pictures relating to Pearl Harbor (pictured above) and other aspects of the American WW2.

Death of composer Georges Bizet

Posted in Anniversary, History, Music on Monday, 24 May 2010

picture Carmen, from the opera by Bizet

Carmen, from the opera by Bizet. Illustration by James E. McConnell

3 June marks two anniversaries in the history of classical music, the deaths of Georges Bizet in 1875 and of Johann Strauss the younger in 1899. Strauss is best known for his waltzes (The Blue Danube, Die Fledermaus), whilst Bizet composed the opera about a fiery Gypsy called Carmen and her romance with a Spanish soldier, Don José.

picture great composers

An A-Z of great composers, illustrated by Roger Payne

More images of Bizet and Carmen can be found here.  Many more pictures relating to the history of music and the stories of great composers can be found by following this link.

King Edward marries Mrs Simpson

Posted in Anniversary, History, Royalty on Monday, 24 May 2010

picture The abdication crisis

The abdication crisis. Illustration by Clive Uptton

2 June is the anniversary of the marriage of Edward, Duke of Windsor, and American divorcee Wallis Simpson. Only a few months into his reign as Edward VIII, the King caused a constitutional crisis by proposing to Mrs. Simpson. It was argued by the British government that the people would never accept her as Queen and Edward abdicated after only 325 days on the throne.

Edward’s abdication led to the coronation of his younger brother, George IV in 1937.

Further illustrations of Edward and his reign can be found here. Many more images of British royalty can be found by following this link.

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

Posted in Anniversary, History, Royalty on Sunday, 23 May 2010

picture Cover of The Children's Newspaper celebrating the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

The Children’s Newspaper celebrates the Coronation

2 June is the anniversary of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. She was crowned at Westminster Abbey in 1953, and the glamour and colour of the event was reported in The Children’s Newspaper as thoroughly as any adult newspaper.

Look and Learn celebrated her 10th anniversary of Elizabeth’s accession to the throne in 1962.

picture Medallian celebrating 10th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne

Celebrating the 10th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the the throne. Illustration by Audrey Wynne Hatfield

More illustrations featuring Queen Elizabeth II can be found at the Look and Learn picture library, as can many fine images relating to the history of Britain’s royalty.

Marconi patents his new invention: radio

Posted in Anniversary, Communications, History, Science, Technology on Sunday, 23 May 2010

picture Marconi sends his first wireless message

Marconi sends his first wireless message with the aid of a kite. Illustration by Peter Jackson

2 June is the anniversary of one of the major steps in the history of communication. On this day in 1896, Guglielmo Marconi applied for a patent for his invention: the radio. The Italian-born inventor began experimenting as a boy but found interest in his work on “telegraphy without wires” was greater in England.

More pictures of Marconi and his inventions can be found here. A variety of uses of radio can be seen here.

James Clark Ross at the Pole

Posted in Adventure, Animals, Anniversary, Exploration, Travel on Saturday, 22 May 2010

picture James Clark Ross in the Antarctic

James Clark Ross in the Antarctic, artwork by Graham Coton

1 June marks the anniversary of James Clark Ross‘s arrival at the North Magnetic Pole during his expedition in 1831. Ross subsequently led expeditions to the Antarctic and can be seen in the above picture planting the Union Jack on the ice shelf.

The Look and Learn picture library has many more images of icy exploration at both the North Pole and South Pole and of some of the creatures explorers encountered, from polar bears to penguins.

picture Vilhjalmar Stefansson being attacked by a polar bear

Canadian explorer Vilhjalmar Stefansson being attacked by a polar bear

Artwork by James E. McConnell.

Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen

Posted in Anniversary, History, Royalty on Saturday, 22 May 2010

picture Henry VII and Anne Boleyn

Henry VII and Anne Boleyn, illustration by James E. McConnell

Although 1 June marks the anniversary of when Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen of England, she had become the second wife of King Henry VIII in January 1533. After months of argument over the legality of the marriage it was declared to be valid by the Archbishop of Canterbury, which led to a break up between the Church of England and the Catholic Church.

Anne’s reign as Queen did not last long as Henry began courting Jane Seymour in 1536 and Anne was accused of treason and beheaded.

More pictures of Anne Boleyn can be found here. For a great many more illustrations from the history of the British monarchy, follow this link.