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Subject: ‘Medicine’

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Discovery of X-rays

Posted in Historical articles, History, Medicine, Science on Friday, 29 April 2016

This edited article about Wilhelm Rontgen and X-rays originally appeared in Look and Learn issue number 793 published on 26th March 1977.

 Wilhelm Rontgen, picture, image, illustration

Professor Wilhelm Rontgen and the all-seeing eye by Wilf Hardy

Professor Wilhelm Rontgen, a physicist at Wurzburg in Bavaria, leaned over the tube he was experimenting on and carefully covered it completely with black paper.

He had been working all day in his laboratory, and now it was late in the evening and getting dark. The tube he had covered so that no light could escape from it was called a Crookes tube, through which cathode rays are passed.

Rontgen, straightening up for a moment, saw before him in the gathering gloom, an extraordinary sight. Several yards away from him was a piece of cardboard he had been using in another experiment. The cardboard had been coated with a chemical which glows when light falls upon it. There was at that moment scarely any light at all in the laboratory, yet –

The cardboard was glowing!

Rontgen stared in disbelief. This was no ordinary light: it was bright green. But where was it coming from?

The only possible source of light in the laboratory was the Crookes tube, which he had just covered with black paper. Now Rontgen groped towards the tube and switched off the electricity supply to it. At once the green light from the cardboard went out.

When he switched it on again, the ghostly green light reappeared.

Puzzled, Rontgen held his hand between the tube and the cardboard screen. To his astonishment, the invisible rays of light which were apparently passing through the black paper, now passed right through his hand and cast a shadow of his bones upon the cardboard.

Rontgen had so little idea of what these rays were that he named them X-rays.

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The best pictures from educational trade cards, 69

Posted in Absurd, Actors, Africa, Ancient History, Best pictures, Disasters, Education, Educational card, Famous crimes, Heroes and Heroines, Historical articles, History, Legend, Medicine, Myth, Religion, Trade on Wednesday, 25 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows a quack medicine seller at a fair in a small town in Germany, 1820.

A quack, picture, image, illustration

A quack medicine seller at a fair in a small town in Germany, 1820

The second picture shows Odin, chief of the Norse gods.

Odin, picture, image, illustration

Odin, chief of the Norse gods

The third picture shows Caliph Omar burning the Library at Alexandria.

Alexandria, picture, image, illustration

Caliph Omar Burns The Library at Alexandria

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 64

Posted in Ancient History, Animals, Best pictures, Communications, Educational card, Famous battles, games, Historical articles, History, Leisure, Medicine, News, Science, War on Wednesday, 25 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows a laboratory for medical research into bacteria.

bacteria, picture, image, illustration

The art of curing – medical research laboratory

The second picture shows Pheidippides bringing news of the victory of the Greeks over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.

Pheidippides, picture, image, illustration

Pheidippides brings news of the victory of the Greeks over the Persians at Marathon, 490 BC

The third picture shows a Gaming room at Monte Carlo.

Monte Carlo, picture, image, illustration

Gaming room, Monte Carlo, Monaco

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 36

Posted in Architecture, Arts and Crafts, Best pictures, Communications, Discoveries, Educational card, Famous battles, Famous Inventors, Famous landmarks, Historical articles, History, Invasions, Inventions, Language, Legend, Literature, Medicine, Myth, Religion, Royalty, Science on Tuesday, 24 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows Mehmed the Conqueror, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

Mehmed, picture, image, illustration

Mehmed the Conqueror, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, makes his triumphal entrance into the Hagia Sophia after capturing Constantinople, 1453

The second picture shows Edward Jenner, who discovered a vaccine against smallpox.

Jenner, picture, image, illustration

Edward Jenner, English doctor and scientist who discovered a vaccine against smallpox

The third picture shows Scandinavian runes.

runes, picture, image, illustration

Scandinavian runes

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

Nurse Edith Cavell, heroine of the First World War

Posted in Famous crimes, Famous news stories, Heroes and Heroines, Historical articles, History, Medicine, News, War, World War 1 on Friday, 20 November 2015

This intensely moving picture of Edith Cavell shows the famous nurse on ward duty, looking at her patients with a facial expression of compassionate concern and genuine empathy. It is all the more affecting and powerful an image given the fate of this great humanitarian, who was murdered by the Germans on 12 October, 1915.

Edith Cavell, picture, image, illustration

Edith Cavell

Many more pictures of the First World War can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Ambroise Pare, the French king’s surgeon

Posted in Historical articles, History, Medicine, Science, War on Friday, 20 November 2015

Ambroise Pare was a diligent military surgeon whose innovative methods improved the lot of the wounded soldier, as seen in this very interesting picture which depicts the key moment in Pare’s career. He ran out of boiling oil to cauterise a soldier’s wound, so had to concoct a potion which on the following day turned out to have greater healing properties than expected, and many more than the brutal simplicity of cauterisation.

Ambroise Pare, picture, image, illustration

Ambroise Pare, military surgeon, when the oil ran out

Many more pictures of medicine can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

London Smog in 1952

Posted in Famous news stories, Historical articles, History, Interesting Words, London, Medicine, Science, Transport on Friday, 20 November 2015

This very unusual picture is a remarkable depiction of the notorious London smog which was a lethal health hazard and a phenomenon of pollution, not an example of the famously bad English weather. A pedestrian is coughing, vehicles are spewing out their fumes and visibility is poor, while the overall colour matches the famous moniker for the London smog, namely “a pea-souper”.

London, picture, image, illustration

London Smog, 1952 by Andrew Howat

Many more pictures of London can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Dr Barnard and the first heart-transplant patient

Posted in Famous news stories, Historical articles, History, Medicine, News, Science on Friday, 20 November 2015

Dr Barnard, the South African cardiac surgeon, and the first heart-transplant patient, Louis Washkansky, made news headlines after the success of the pioneering operation in December 1967. The era’s taste for glamour and fame added to Christiaan Barnard’s international celebrity, despite Washansky’s death from pneumonia 18 days later.

medicine, picture, image, illustration

Dr Christiaan Barnard

Many more pictures of medicine can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

Joseph Lister shows microbes on unwashed surgical instruments

Posted in Discoveries, Historical articles, History, Medicine, Science on Thursday, 19 November 2015

In this realistic image Joseph Lister, pictured on the left, shows his ground-breaking scientific results to a colleague in a laboratory. The need for sterilisation of all surgical instruments, as well as continual cleansing of the wound, would revolutionise post-operative recovery and improve human health and longevity immeasurably.

Lister, picture, image, illustration

Joseph Lister (left) showing microbes on unwashed surgical instruments

Many more pictures of medicine can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from ‘The Illustrated Times’, 97

Posted in Best pictures, Disasters, Famous Composers, Heroes and Heroines, Historical articles, History, London, Medicine, Music, Rivers, Ships, The Illustrated Times, Theatre, Trade, War on Wednesday, 18 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from ‘The Illustrated Times’, a nineteenth-century illustrated newspaper and rich source of remarkable engravings.
The first picture shows the destruction of the European factories at Canton.

Canton, picture, image, illustration

Destruction of the European factories at Canton

The second picture shows a scene from Wagner’s Opera “The Flying Dutchman,” at the Lyceum Theatre.

Wagner, picture, image, illustration

Scene from Wagner's Opera "The Flying Dutchman," at the Lyceum Theatre by D H Friston

The third picture shows the embarkation of an Ambulance Train at Woolwich for the Seat of War.

war, picture, image, illustration

Embarkation of an Ambulance Train at Woolwich for the Seat of War by A Slader

High-resolution scans of all the illustrations from ‘The Illustrated Times’ (London 1855-1866) can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.