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Subject: ‘Geology’

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Gold-fever

Posted in Geology, Historical articles, Minerals on Friday, 1 July 2016

This edited article about gold originally appeared in Look and Learn issue number 827 published on 19 November 1977.

Californian goldrush, picture, image, illustration

The Californian goldrush by James E McConnell

Gold fever! In the 19th century, it could sweep whole continents like a raging fire. America, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand and Canada each had their own gold rush, or rushes.

The pattern kept repeating itself. There would be a rumour of a gold “strike”, then a stampede to the area would begin. Office boys in London and New York headed for the ports: good men and bad men set out for the gold-fields. Many never arrived; many more never found gold; a few discovered unimaginable wealth – in places with names like Bonanza Creek and Last Chance Gulch.

Some of those who had been in the Californian Gold Rush of 1849 in their teens were to be found heading for the Klondike in 1898. Such was gold fever.

Two things made the 19th century the greatest age of gold-mining – the sheer size of the finds, and the fact that travel by sea and later by rail became available to everyone.

Even so, toiling in the gold-fields was a hard way of making a fortune.

Read the rest of this article »

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 103

Posted in Ancient History, Architecture, Best pictures, Educational card, Famous battles, Fashion, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, Industry, Invasions, Trade, War on Thursday, 26 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows Tamburlaine and Bajazeth.

Tamburlaine, picture, image, illustration

Tamburlaine conquers Bajazeth

The second picture shows silk merchants in Ancient Rome.

Silk merchants, picture, image, illustration

Silk merchants in Ancient Rome

The third picture shows a slate quarry.

Slate, picture, image, illustration

Slate and its uses

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 97

Posted in America, Ancient History, Animals, Best pictures, Bible, Bravery, Customs, Educational card, Famous battles, Flags, Geography, Geology, Heroes and Heroines, Historical articles, History, Minerals, Myth, Religion, Saints, Sea, Ships, Travel, War, Weapons on Thursday, 26 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows Jason making a sacrifice to the Gods to aid the Argo in its voyage.

Argo, picture, image, illustration

Sacrifice to the Gods to aid the Argo in its voyage

The second picture shows gold prospectors in Alaska.

Gold prospectors, picture, image, illustration

Gold prospectors, Alaska

The third picture shows St James the Great, patron saint of Spain.

St James the Great, picture, image, illustration

St James the Great, patron saint of Spain

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 73

Posted in Ancient History, Best pictures, Boats, Educational card, Famous battles, Famous landmarks, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, Nature, Rivers, Ships, Transport, Travel, War on Wednesday, 25 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows the Galley of the Roman Emperor Caligula on Lake Nemi.

Galley, picture, image, illustration

Galley of the Roman Emperor Caligula on Lake Nemi, Italy, 1st Century

The second picture shows Mount Etna.

Mount Etna, picture, image, illustration

Mount Etna

The third picture shows the submission of the Saxons to Charlemagne.

 Charlemagne, picture, image, illustration

Submission of the Saxons to Charlemagne

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 45

Posted in Best pictures, Educational card, Famous Composers, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, Industry, Legend, Minerals, Music, Myth on Tuesday, 24 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows Frigg accompanied by the Valkyries.

Valkyries, picture, image, illustration

Frigg accompanied by the Valkyries

The second picture shows Mozart playing the piano at the age of three.

Mozart, picture, image, illustration

Mozart Plays the Piano at the Age of Three

The third picture shows the Wieliczka salt mine, Poland.

Salt, picture, image, illustration

Wieliczka salt mine, Poland

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 43

Posted in Best pictures, Customs, Dance, Educational card, Famous news stories, Fashion, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, Leisure, London, Music, Politics, Railways, Religion, Transport, Travel on Tuesday, 24 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows traditional Pentecost celebrations in Russia.

Russia, picture, image, illustration

Traditional Pentecost celebrations in Russia

The second picture shows the Vesuvius funicular railway in Italy.

Vesuvius, picture, image, illustration

Vesuvius funicular railway, Italy

The third picture shows Gladstone defending his policy for Irish Home Rule in the House of Commons.

Gladstone, picture, image, illustration

Gladstone defending his policy for Irish Home Rule in the House of Commons

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from educational trade cards, 6

Posted in Best pictures, Communications, Educational card, Engineering, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, Industry, Plants, Trade, Transport, Travel on Monday, 23 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from our large collection of 19th and early 20th century educational trade cards.
The first picture shows rock drilling work in the Culebra Cut, Panama Canal.

Panama, picture, image, illustration

Rock drilling work in the Culebra Cut, Panama Canal

The second picture shows the English postal service.

mail coach, picture, image, illustration

English postal service

The third picture shows a Cocoa processing plant.

cocoa, picture, image, illustration

Cocoa processing plant

High-resolution scans of all educational cards can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.

The San Francisco Earthquake, 1906

Posted in America, Architecture, Disasters, Famous news stories, Geography, Geology, Historical articles, History, News on Thursday, 19 November 2015

This dramatic picture is like a scene from a Hollywood disaster movie, and shows the uncontrollable enormity of the many fires which raged for several days after the earthquake struck the city early on April 18, 1906. The desperation and fear in the faces of the two inhabitants pictured convey the human dimension of a disaster which claimed over 3000 lives.

disaster, picture, image, illustration

San Francisco Earthquake, 1906

Many more pictures of disasters can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

The California Gold Rush

Posted in America, Discoveries, Famous news stories, Geology, Historical articles, History on Thursday, 19 November 2015

Our colourful picture is like a Victorian narrative painting, and shows a Dickensian cross-section of the teeming humanity which flocked to California after the discovery of gold there in 1848. Many of the tens of thousands went on foot, others by wagon and carriage and many thousands journeyed to America from Europe and beyond.

Gold Rush,  picture, image, illustration

California Gold Rush by C L Doughty

Many more pictures of California can be found at the Look and Learn picture library.

The best pictures from ‘The Illustrated Times’, 34

Posted in Best pictures, Engineering, Famous landmarks, Geology, Historical articles, History, Industry, London, Music, The Illustrated Times on Monday, 16 November 2015

We have selected three of the best pictures from ‘The Illustrated Times’, a nineteenth-century illustrated newspaper and rich source of remarkable engravings.
The first picture shows casting of the great bell for the Clock Tower of the new Houses of Parliament.

bell, picture, image, illustration

Casting of the great bell for the Clock Tower of the new Houses of Parliament

The second picture shows a sewer at Notting-Hill, thirty feet below the surface.

sewer, picture, image, illustration

Metropolitan Main-Drainage Works, Sewer at Notting-Hill, Thirty Feet below the Surface

The third picture shows marble mills in the Eastern Alps.

marble, picture, image, illustration

Marble Mills in the Eastern Alps

High-resolution scans of all the illustrations from ‘The Illustrated Times’ (London 1855-1866) can be found in the Look and Learn picture library.