23 August marks the anniversary of the execution of William Wallace in 1305. The Scottish patriot and warrior led the resistance during the Wars of Scottish Independence, defeating the English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. He was himself defeated at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298.
Wallace evaded capture until 1305 when he was betrayed by a Scottish knight, John de Menteith, and handed over to the English. Taken to London and tried for treason, he was executed at Smithfield.
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